What causes bunions?
Bunion causes have been a matter for debate. Some believe they are caused by tight shoes that pinch the toes together and force the bones out of alignment. Others believe that—since everyone who wears tight shoes doesn’t get bunions—hereditary foot structures were a more likely cause. In any case, tight shoes can speed up the process by keeping your toes from lying flat and straight.
Biomechanical issues from overpronation (flat feet that roll too far to the inside) can over time move the bones out of position. The big toe tip leans toward the second toe, and the joint where it joins the first metatarsal gets bent into a shallow V, which produces that bump that sticks out at the base of your toe. This protrusion makes it difficult to wear shoes, because it rubs against the side and becomes irritated, inflamed, and painful. The toe can also become stiff, with a limited range of motion. Arthritis, injuries, or leg length discrepancy could also be factors in their development.
If you have a painful bunion, let us help you find relief. Call Rocky Mountain Foot & Ankle Center at (303) 423-2520 to set up an appointment.
How long does bunion surgery recovery last?
Bunion surgery recovery can take anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 months or more. The uncertain time range is because there are so many different procedures, and the amount of bone and tissue healing that needs to take place varies widely. Some people only require minor procedures where a little bit of the bone is shaved; other situations call for more significant surgery with a longer recovery period.
Keep the stitches dry until they are taken out 1 to 3 weeks after surgery. Visible pins usually come out after 3 or 4 weeks. You may need a boot or cast for several weeks, and not be able to wear shoes for 1 to 4 months.
It is important to watch for any complications during this time, such as fever, an increase in pain, swelling or redness, or swelling higher in the leg. It is also extremely important to follow our instructions about keeping weight off the foot. Even then, you may need to work into weight-bearing gradually with a special shoe or boot. Sometimes it may take up to a year for your foot to feel fully well again and for you to resume all of your normal activities.
Call Rocky Mountain Foot & Ankle Center in Wheat Ridge, CO, at (303) 423-2520 for more information about bunion surgery.